Useful Japanese phrases can make you feel closer to the Japanese natives. You might already know basic words and want to know some useful phrases in the next step. Fine! You’ve come to the right place. You can find useful phrases on several occasions you would encounter. So here we go!
Table of Contents
- Basic Greetings (基本の挨拶 = Kihon no aisatsu) – Useful Japanese Phrases
- At A Coffee Shop, Restaurant, Store (お店で = Omise de) – Useful Japanese Phrases
- Weather (天気 = Tenki) – Useful Japanese Phrases
- Condition of people (人の状態 = Hito no joutai) – Useful Japanese Phrases
- Features of people (人の特徴 = Hito no tokucho)- Useful Japanese Phrases
- Shopping (買い物 = Kaimono) – Useful Japanese Phrases
- Conversation with friends (友達との会話 = Tomodachi tono kaiwa) – Useful Japanese Phrases
- Asking someone out (誘う = Sasou) – Useful Japanese Phrases
1. Basic Greetings (基本の挨拶 = Kihon no aisatsu) – Useful Japanese Phrases
The following useful Japanese phrases will get you through almost any situation in Japan. It’s the same with your mother language, greetings are the essential things in Japan. You want to make a good impression that you remember some core words.
- こんにちは (Konnichiwa: Hello)
- どうもありがとうございます (Doumo arigatou gozaimasu: Thank you so much.)
- お願いします (Onegaishimasu: Please)
- すみません (Sumimasen: Excuse me.)
- はい (Hai: Yes)
- いいえ (No: Iie)
- ごめんなさい (Gomen nasai: I’m sorry.)
- わかりません (Wakarimasen: I don’t understand.)
- もう一度お願いします (mou ichido onegai shimasu: Could you repeat that, please?)
- ___ はどこですか？ (___ wa doko desu ka?: Where is ___?)
If you can’t say anything else, just say this and people won’t take you bad.
You can never go wrong with this one. Whenever you find someone do you favor being helpful to you, don’t spare using it.
You might often hear back “Dou Itashimashite” which means “Welcome” or “Not at all”. This is a good chance to start a conversation.
Also, you can say simply “arigatou” which is more casual. They always appreciate you being polite specifically if you are a stranger to them.
Use when ordering food, asking for something or requesting help at the end of your sentence. Adding a smile on your face raises the chances that you get what you want.
This one is a versatile term that you can use when you want someone’s attention at the station, airport, or restaurant literally anywhere. Also, it can mean “sorry” in situations like when you bump into someone, spill something on the table, anything you feel sorry for it. But be careful not to use this too often, people might recognize you
Saying yes can also mean “I understand” or “I agree”. It’s interesting, however, say it like a question raising the ending of word “Hai?” means “What are you talking about?” You don’t really understand what the other say, you use this but you should know it can carry a sarcastic sense.
Simply it means “No”. Just saying no can leave a negative impression so adding some notes, or explanations after that can help the other party understand why you say no.
Sumimasen will help you in most situations, but if you do something more serious, like roll over someone’s foot with your suitcase, you should say “gomen nasai” while bowing repeatedly. After apologizing, ask if they are all right by saying, “daijoubu desu ka?”
If you don’t understand what someone is saying to you, use “wakarimasen“. It sounds more natural you say “Sumimasen. Wakarimasen.”, these sentences together mean “Sorry that I don’t understand you.” You might wanna say “Oshiete Itadakemasuka?” (Could you please tell me?) if you need/want to understand what the other says.
Even you hear she/he can’t speak English, most of them are willing to help you out so good luck with your gestures and smile. That definitely helps.
People may paraphrase the words for your easier understanding. Don’t forget to tell them your appreciation after they answer.
In ___, you can put any place you want to go such as the bathroom (トイレ: Toire), station (駅: Eki), Elevator (エレベーター: Erebehtah), information desk (案内所: Annaisho).
2. At A Coffee Shop, Restaurant, Store (お店で = Omise de) – Useful Japanese Phrases
When eating out, ordering food/drink is a nice way to interact with Japanese natives. They appreciate you try to order in Japanese and try to help you succeed for sure. You can enjoy the food more if you ordered dished in Japanese!
- メニューをください = Menyu o kudasai. (Could I have a menu?)
- これは何ですか？ = Kore wa nandesuka? (What is this?)
- ーは入っていますか？ = ___ wa haitteimasuka? (Is there ___ in this dish?)
- 何がおすすめですか？ = Naniga osusume desuka? (What do you recommend?)
- 何が一番人気ですか？ Naniga ichiban ninki desuka? (What’s the most popular one?)
- 注文をお願いします = Chumon o onegai shimasu. (I’d like to order.)
- これをお願いします = Kore o oegai shimasu. (I’ll order this one.)
- 水をお願いします = Mizu o onegai shimasu. (Give me a glass of water, please.)
- トイレはどこですか？ = Toire wa dokodesuka? (Where is the bathroom?)
- いただきます = Itadakimasu. (Bon appetit.)
- ごちそうさまでした = Gochisousama deshita.(I appreciate the food so much.)
- お会計をお願いします = Okaikei o onegai shimasu. (The bill, please.)
Always make sure you point at the specific menu or picture so they understand what you want to know. When you have specific stuff you can’t eat, tell them so like “Buta wa taberaremasen” (I can’t eat pork) so they’ll know what they have to be careful.
You may want to ask them first that you can’t have beef/pork/chicken or whatever by asking them
You may find an English menu in many restaurants in Tokyo, but that’s not that case with other cities. Unless you can read Japanese, it’d be hard for you to understand what they serve when they don’t have an English menu (pictures are always helpful!). When they don’t have an English menu, you can ask them what’s the best in the restaurant or what’s the most popular one.
This way you can expect to get something at least decent.
When your mind is set, let the clerk/waiter/waitress know that you’re going to order something from them.
Again, you point that specific product with your finger to make sure what exactly you want.
It’s pretty normal once you have a seat at a restaurant in Japan, you’d be served a glass of water without asking. But of course, you can ask it for yourself or
ask them another glass of water by saying (Can I have more water, please?) Unless they are too busy with their work, they are willing to fill your glass.
You should remember this one literally wherever you go when you can’t find a sign of it yourself. You can rephrase the term “Toire” (bathroom) to “Otearai (お手洗い)” which sounds more polite and sophisticated.
(It’s a kind of prayer and appreciation for the food itself and the person who prepared for it. The appreciation can go further to the sun, air, soil, literally everything which made it possible to be served just in front of you. “Itadakimasu” signifies I will have (eat) your life. So with the utmost respect and appreciation, we say Itadakimasu right before we start to eat)
This one is regarded as a set with “Itadakimasu” as you say it at a closing note when you finish eating. “Chisou” (Gochisou is more polite) means the feast, so we express our gratitude for the person in charge of food preparation for their care. The waitress/waiter would appreciate if you say “Gochisousama deshita” when you leave the restaurant they sure will show their appreciation by bowing or saying thank you to you.
This is a polite way to tell the waitress/waiter that you are going to pay. Some places allow you to pay at the table so you can ask them first where you can pay.
3. Weather (天気 = Tenki) – Useful Japanese Phrases
It’s always a good idea to start a conversation by mentioning the weather since that is something everyone can share.
- 天気がいいですね = Tenki ga iidesune. (It’s a nice day.)
- 天気が悪いですね = Tenki ga warui desune. (The weather is not that fine.)
- 雨ですね = Ame desune. (It’s raining.)
- 風が強いですね = Kaze ga tsuyoi desune. (We have strong wind.)
- めちゃめちゃ暑いですね = Mechamecha atsui desune. (It’s scorching hot, isn’t it?)
It’s always a nice ice breaker to mention the weather especially if it’s one beautiful sunny day. You can ask them what they are going to do or where they are going that day.
Even the bad weather can help you to start a conversation with somebody. Let’s say that your back aches when the bad weather hits, you can enlarge your conversation.
You might have this kind of conversation under some store roof with a stranger. You are lucky if you happen to be there with someone you like, just like some scene you saw in a movie;)
This one you may not have so many chances to say, but it’s good to know how you say them in Japanese, right?
We’ve heard this a lot in the last summer as we’ve had many days over 30 degrees Celcius. “Mecha mecha” means “badly, substantially, considerably”.You can say “Mecha mecha oishii (delicious)!” or “Mecha mecha tsukareta! (tired)”.
4. Condition of people (人の状態 = Hito no joutai) – Useful Japanese Phrases
This is the very basic one you want to remember and you can say this at any time of the day.
- お元気ですか = Ogenki desuka? (How are you?)
- おひさしぶりです = Ohisashiburi desu. (Long time no see.)
- 気分がよくない = Kibun ga yokunai. (I’m not feeling well)
- 眠いです = Nemui desu.(I’m sleepy.)
- 疲れた = Tsukareta. (I’m tired.)
- わくわくする・ワクワクする! = Waku waku suru! (I’m excited!)
- つまらない = Tsumaranai (I’m bored.)
- 悲しい = Kanashii (I feel sad.)
- 寂しい = Sabishii・Samishii (I’m lonely.)
- 怒っている = Okotteiru (I’m angry.)
- お腹が空いた = Onaka ga suita (I’m hungry.)
- 喉が乾きました Nodo ga kawakimashita. (I’m thirsty.)
It’s a very basic one. When you get closer to that someone, simply you can say “Genki?”.
This one again, if that someone is your friend you haven’t seen for a while, you can say “Hisashiburi”. Then you would say “Genki shiteta?” (Have you been doing well?)
I don’t think you have many chances to use this phrase, but let’s say you are on a train and start to feel something is wrong with you, you can say to a station clerk or even to a stranger so they can guide you to a room where you can rest.
Working fulltime makes you tired and sleepy, I assume.
What makes you “Waku waku”? Having something which makes you wakuwaku is essential in life. Really. It can be someone, something, some situation, anything!
If you say “Watashi wa Tsumaranai”, it can mean two things. One, you’re saying you’re bored with a situation or anything bores you. Two, you’re saying you’re the boring person. So either way, you may want to spare using this phrase.
Hope you don’t have situations like these too often.
You can say Onaka ga suita no de, nanika tabetai (Since I’m hungry, I wanna have something to eat). When you get full, you say “Onaka ga ippai desu” literally means your stomach is full.
You’re thirsty, so you want to drink something. You can say “Nanika nomitaidesu” (I want to drink something).
5. Features of people (人の特徴 = Hito no tokucho)- Useful Japanese Phrases
- 明るい = Akarui (Cheerful)
- 優しい = Yasashii (Gentle)
- 親切 = Shinsetsu (Kind)
- 頭がいい = Atama ga ii (intelligent)
- 賢い = Kashikoi (Clever)
- かっこいい = Kakkoii (Good-looking, cool)
- 厳しい = Kibishii (Strict)
- 可愛い = Kawaii (Lovely)
- 柔軟 = Juunan (flexible)
Perhaps these two features are the most appreciated ones in Japan. You can be clever, you can be dumb, but you should be cheerful and gentle, people will like you anyway.
This one is highly appreciated as well in Japan. Being able to be kind to others shows your ability to recognize the situation and what someone needs which makes a better society.
Being intelligent and clever sounds similar but there are different meanings. But we are not into these differences, just remember no one would be offended having these compliments.
Any man or boy would appreciate this term.
I had a teacher who is very strict and I didn’t like him at all at first. But I came to appreciate his strictness on a study that benefited me with forming the mind of research.
It’s one of the most used words in describing especially kids, boys, and girls.
Most of the time, being clever and flexible come together.
6. Shopping (買い物 = Kaimono) – Useful Japanese Phrases
- これを見せてください = Kore o misete kudasai. (Could you show that stuff to me?)
- 試着してもいいですか？ = Shichaku shitemo iidesuka? (May I try this on?)
- ___はありますか？ = ___ wa arimasuka? (Do you have ___?)
- これをください = Kore o kudasai. (I’ll take this one.)
- いくらですか？ = Ikura desuka? (How much is this?)
- クレジットカードは使えますか？ = Kurejitto kaado wa tsukaemasuka? (Can I use a credit card?)
When you find something interests you, you ask the shop clerk to show that to you.
When you want to try some clothes, you ask the clerk this way and they would show you to the fitting room. Always make sure to try them
since Japanese clothes tend to be smaller compared to US/European ones.
When you have a specific product on your mind, you can ask her/him if they have in their store.
Once you decide what you are going to buy, you can say this by pointing at the product so that the clerk will show you to the register for your purchase.
You can point to the product you want to know the price. When you want to know where they are multiple products, you can ask her/him “Zennbu de ikuradesuka?” (How much are they altogether?).
You always want to make sure before you make a purchase. There are many places you can’t use a credit card in Japan. Cash is STILL king.
7. Conversation with friends (友達との会話 = Tomodachi tono kaiwa) – Useful Japanese Phrases
It is much easier and more fun to talk in Japanse once you have a Japanese native friend. Below are practical ones to get to know each other more or just to have a small talk.
- 週末はどうでしたか？ = Shumatsu wa doudeshitaka? (How was your weekend?)
- 週末は家族と山登りに行きました = Shumatsu wa kazoku to yamanobori ni ikimashita. (I climbed the mountain with my family on the weekend.)
- 週末は友人とドライブに行きました = Shumatsu wa yuujin to doraibu ni ikimashita. (We went for a drive with my friends.)
- ___について何か知ってる？ = ___ ni tsuite nanika shitteru? (Do you happen to know about ___?)
- ___についてどう思う？ = ___ ni tsuite dou omou? (What do you think of ___?)
- ___と思う = ___to omou (I think ___.)
- あまりわからないけど___と思う = Amari wakaranaikedo ___ to omou (I have no idea about that, but I assume___)
It’s nice to talk to your Japanese co-worker how was their weekend and you may find something new in them.
These two are just examples of the answers to the above question. You might have watched some movie (映画を見た = Eiga o mita), visited your parents (両親を訪ねた = Ryoshin o tazuneta), or had wonderful dinner with your partner (パートナーと素敵な夕食をとった = Partner to sutekina yushoku o totta).
There will be chances to ask your friend’s opinion about something.
When you’re not really sure about what you’ve asked but have some assumption or suggestion, you can use the above expression.
8. Asking someone out (誘う = Sasou) – Useful Japanese Phrases
I know it may sound a bit odd to add this section here. But this is very important when you make friends with someone new, so I’ve included some useful phrases to ask someone out.
- 明日は何をしていますか？ = Ashita wa nani o shiteimasuka? (What is your plan for tomorrow?)
- 一緒にランチはどうですか？ = Issho ni ranchi wa doudesuka? (How about having lunch together?)
- お酒は好きですか？ = Osake wa sukidesuka? (Do you like to drink?)
- 飲みに行きませんか？ = Nomi ni ikimasenka? (Why don’t we go for a drink?)
- いつお休みですか？ = Itsu oyasumi desuka? (When you’re off?)
- 休みには何をしますか？ = Yasumi ni wa nani o shimasuka? (What do you do when you are off?)
- あなたの好きな___は何ですか？ = Anata no soukina ___ wa nandesuka? (What’s your favorite ___?)
- お茶しませんか？ = Ocha shimasenka? (Why don’t we have some tea?)
This is not a direct asking out, but a nice starter. If someone that you want to go out with having a specific plan, wait for another opportunity. If he/she says they don’t have any solid plan, your chance is here.
Very polite way to ask someone to have lunch together.
These two phrases are useful if you or your someone like drinking. But it’s not always the case.
It’s always safe to ask them when they’re available and ask politely to go out with.
You can put any noun in ___ and ask the other party’s favorite food or place, book or subject.
This might be the best one to ask someone out. Why not have a cup of coffee or two?
So now you can have a small talk with a Japanese native which gives you more confidence on learning Japanese and the motivation to learn more. Have you used any of them in real conversation? You don’t find the phrase you want to use here? Let us know the phrases and expressions you want to say in the comment.